This column first appeared in the San Antonio Express News on May 5, 2017.
The House passed H.R. 1628, the American Health Care Act of 2017, on May 4 and sent the bill to the Senate. Various Republican Senators have said that they find the bill to be unacceptable, that they will propose something different, and that they will not be in a rush. Hence, H.R. 1628 is likely to be stopped or significantly changed by the Senate.
You said that you tried to actually read H.R. 1628. The bill, like many complex proposals, has lots of cross-references to existing statutes it would amend. A reader must have access to the bill and to all of the existing statutes in order to determine exactly what is being altered, and even then, judging the impact of those changes is daunting.
The National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys, of which I am a long-time member, has published its expert analysis of H.R. 1628. Based on that analysis and my reading of some components of the bill:
Health insurance would no longer be mandatory. Companies that provide coverage to employees would be allowed to drop that coverage. However, if an individual policyholder drops coverage then waits longer than 63 days to obtain a new policy, the new insurance policy can charge a 30% higher premium than the prior policy for the first year.
The bill would allow insurance companies to charge policy holders age 50-64 up to 5 times higher premiums than those paid by younger policy holders. The Congressional Budget Office predicts that premiums for low-income seniors could rise by as much as 759 percent. This could result in many people age 50-64, who are too young for Medicare, being unable to afford to continue to buy health insurance. The bill would include a tax credit to help pay for health insurance, but it would be available only to those earning less than $75,000 per year.
If a state requests it, people with pre-existing conditions would be required to pay higher premiums and would have a reduced set of covered benefits. In waiver states, insurers could reduce covered benefits for everyone, by imposing lifetime limits on coverage and eliminating essential medical care (like prescription drug coverage) that is now mandated in the ACA. Those states would be required to have a high-risk insurance pool (Texas had such a pool for many years, but it was very limited).
Members of Congress would be exempt from the changes, and would still have all the benefits provided under the ACA. There was discussion of dropping this from the bill, but it was not dropped and remains part of H.R. 1628.
Medicaid would be completely restructured. States would receive block grants starting in 2020. I wrote about the impact of block grants in my column on February 14.
Paul Premack is a Certified Elder Law Attorney with offices in San Antonio and Seattle, handling Wills and Trusts, Probate, and Business Entity issues. View past legal columns or submit free questions on legal issues via www.TexasEstateandProbate.com or www.Premack.com.